ADC

Africa Digital Clinic

AFRICA DIGITAL CLINIC, we are responsible for your health

Lactulose: How It Works and How to Use It

Table of Contents

Lactulose is a synthetic sugar that is used to treat constipation and hepatic encephalopathy. It is a non-absorbable sugar, meaning that it is not absorbed into the bloodstream. Instead, it travels to the colon, where it is fermented by bacteria. This fermentation process produces organic acids, which draw water into the colon and soften stool. Lactulose also helps to reduce the amount of ammonia in the blood, which is beneficial for people with hepatic encephalopathy.

What is lactulose?

Lactulose is a synthetic disaccharide sugar that is made from lactose and galactose. It is a clear, viscous liquid with a sweet taste. Lactulose is available over-the-counter as a generic medication or by prescription under the brand name Duphalac.

Lactulose: How It Works and How to Use It
Lactulose: How It Works and How to Use It

How does lactulose work?

Lactulose works by drawing water into the colon and softening stool. It also helps to reduce the amount of ammonia in the blood.

Lactulose for constipation

When lactulose is taken for constipation, it travels to the colon, where it is fermented by bacteria. This fermentation process produces organic acids, which draw water into the colon and soften stool. Lactulose also helps to increase the frequency of bowel movements.

Lactulose for hepatic encephalopathy

Hepatic encephalopathy is a condition that occurs when the liver is unable to remove ammonia from the blood. Ammonia is a toxic substance that can damage the brain. Lactulose can help to reduce the amount of ammonia in the blood by drawing it into the colon, where it is excreted in the stool.

Proper use

Take this medicine exactly as directed by your doctor. Do not take more of it, do not take it more often, and do not take it for a longer time than your doctor ordered.

To use the oral liquid:

  • Measure the medicine with a marked measuring spoon, oral syringe, or medicine cup.
  • You may mix it with fruit juice, water, or milk.

To use the powder for solution: Mix the entire contents of the packet in half a glass (4 ounces) of water until solution is colorless to a slightly pale yellow color.

It may take 24 to 48 hours before you have a normal bowel movement

Before taking Lactulose

You should not use lactulose if you are on a special diet low in galactose (milk sugar).

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • diabetes; or
  • if you need to have any type of intestinal test using a scope (such as a colonoscopy).

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or breastfeeding.

Lactulose dosage and administration

Lactulose is available as an oral solution or a rectal enema. The dosage of lactulose varies depending on the condition being treated and the individual’s response to the medication.

Lactulose dosage for constipation

The starting dose of lactulose for constipation is 15-30 ml per day, taken in one or two divided doses. The dosage can be adjusted as needed to achieve the desired effect.

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor’s orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For constipation:
    • For oral dosage form (powder for solution):
      • Adults—10 to 20 grams (g) per day. Your doctor may increase your dose to 40 g per day if needed.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For oral dosage form (solution):
      • Adults—15 to 30 milliliters (mL) or 1 to 2 tablespoons per day. Your doctor may increase your dose to 60 mL per day if needed.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Lactulose dosage for hepatic encephalopathy

The starting dose of lactulose for hepatic encephalopathy is 30-60 ml per day, taken in three or four divided doses. The dosage can be adjusted as needed to achieve the desired effect.

Lactulose side effects and drug interactions

Lactulose is generally well-tolerated, but it can cause some side effects, such as gas, bloating, and diarrhea. These side effects are usually mild and go away on their own.

Lactulose can also interact with other medications, such as antibiotics and laxatives. It is important to talk to your doctor about all of the medications you are taking before starting lactulose.

Lactulose: A safe and effective treatment option

Lactulose is a safe and effective treatment option for constipation and hepatic encephalopathy. It is generally well-tolerated and has few side effects. Lactulose is available over-the-counter or by prescription.

Lactulose for children and pregnant women

Lactulose is safe and effective for children and pregnant women. It is a good option for people who are looking for a gentle laxative or who need to reduce the amount of ammonia in their blood.

Lactulose long-term use

Lactulose can be used safely for the long term. However, it is important to talk to your doctor about your individual needs and to monitor your response to the medication.

Conclusion

Lactulose is a versatile laxative and ammonia reducer that is safe and effective for people of all ages. It is a good option for people who are looking for a gentle laxative or who need to reduce the amount of ammonia in their blood.

Frequent Asked Questions about Lactulose

Q: What is the difference between lactulose and sorbitol?

Lactulose and sorbitol are both sugar alcohols that are used as laxatives. However, they work in different ways. Lactulose is not absorbed into the bloodstream and is instead fermented by bacteria in the colon. This fermentation process produces organic acids, which draw water into the colon and soften stool. Sorbitol is partially absorbed into the bloodstream and partially fermented by bacteria in the colon. The unabsorbed sorbitol draws water into the colon and softens stool.

Lactulose is generally preferred over sorbitol for the treatment of constipation in older adults and people with diabetes. This is because sorbitol can cause blood sugar levels to rise.

Q: Can I use lactulose while taking other medications?

It is important to talk to your doctor about all of the medications you are taking before starting lactulose. Lactulose can interact with some medications, such as antibiotics and laxatives.

Q: Is lactulose safe for children?

Yes, lactulose is safe for children. It is a good option for children who are looking for a gentle laxative.

Q: Is lactulose safe for pregnant women?

Yes, lactulose is safe for pregnant women. It is a good option for pregnant women who are looking for a gentle laxative.

Q: Can I use lactulose for long-term use?

Yes, lactulose can be used safely for the long term. However, it is important to talk to your doctor about your individual needs and to monitor your response to the medication.

Read also

Citro Soda: Benefits, Side Effects, and Interactions

Azithromycin 500mg: Uses, Dosage, Side Effects, and More

Additional Information

  • Lactulose is used in the treatment of constipation and hepatic encephalopathy.
  • It should preferably be taken at bedtime as it requires 6 to 8 hours to show effect.
  • It is usually taken once a day as needed for up to 2 weeks. Take it exactly as prescribed by the doctor.
  • Some healthy tips to prevent constipation from happening:
    • Eat more fiber in your diet. Recommended daily intake is 20-35g
    • Drink 8-10 glasses of water per day
    • Exercise regularly at least 3 times per week
    • Do not hold in stool as that can worsen bowel issues
  • Take it atleast 2 hours after taking other medicines, as it may interfere with the absorption of other medicines.
  • Inform your doctor if you have a history of stomach disorders such as appendicitis or a blockage in your bowel.

Read also Fucibet Cream: A Comprehensive Guide

The codes will be shown below

Seconds
First: 170598
Seconds
Second: 180198

Featured Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

error: Content is protected !!