Congenital cataract: birth defect of the eye that lens become cloudy instead of clear

Congenital cataract is a partial or complete clouding of the lens of the eye that develops in utero. It manifests itself to varying degrees from the moment the child is born: from a barely noticeable whitish spot to a completely affected lens. Congenital cataract is characterized by a decrease in vision or complete loss, and strabismus and […]

Hydrocephalus: A build-up of fluid in the cavities deep within the brain ( water in the brain )

Hydrocephalus– increased accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the cerebrospinal fluid system of the brain. Hydrocephalus accompanies many congenital and acquired neurological diseases. Clinically, it is manifested by signs of increased intracranial pressure (headache, nausea, pressure on the eyes), symptoms of compression of brain structures (vestibular ataxia, visual impairment, mental disorders, epileptic seizures) and symptoms characteristic of the […]

Intrauterine infections

Intrauterine infections are a group of diseases of the fetus and newborn that develop as a result of infection in the prenatal period or during childbirth. Intrauterine infections can lead to fetal death, spontaneous abortion, intrauterine growth retardation, premature birth, the formation of congenital malformations, damage to internal organs and the central nervous system. Methods for diagnosing intrauterine […]

HIV infection in Children

HIV infection in children is a pathological condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and characterized by a progressive decline in the child’s immunity. There are no specific clinical symptoms, the main manifestations are fever, diarrhea of ​​unknown etiology, lymphadenopathy, frequent infectious and bacterial diseases, AIDS-associated and opportunistic pathologies. The main methods of laboratory diagnosis of HIV […]